How to add Centralized Slave DNS to Plesk Multi Server

Centralized Slave DNS and Plesk Multi Server

Hey there fellow Pleskians! Today we’ve been thinking about enhancing Plesk Multi Server with Centralized DNS support. Why? Because you’ll be able to use a single set of name servers for all the domains you host on Plesk Multi Server service nodes. And even if we’re still developing Centralized DNS further, you can still use our Slave DNS Manager extension to get this feature going in a few simple steps

The article covers:

  1. How to configure Centralized DNS on a new Plesk Multi Server installation
  2. How to do this process with existing customers and subscriptions
  3. How to troubleshoot any possible issues

What is Plesk Multi Server?

This server allows single-Plesk-interface users to run hosting services on multiple servers. This way, you’ll get two or more Plesk instances interconnected via our Extensions SDK. One of these nodes will be a “Management node”, used for managing all other nodes. Meanwhile, all the Plesk instances connected to a Management node are called “Service nodes”. Plesk Multi Server is intended for small and medium-sized shared hosting providers and web design & development studios that also host the clients’ website. Is this you? Then let’s briefly touch upon the infrastructure configuration.

Infrastructure Configuration

Plesk Multi Server 

Plesk Multi Server needs one or more service nodes installed. So here we’ll go for a clean installation – two service nodes with no subscriptions or customers. In this setup, each service node will be used as a master DNS server.

Plesk Multi Server

Slave DNS Server 

First, deploy and configure one or more DNS servers that will be used as Slave DNS. So follow these configuration steps below. In this example, we’ll be using servers with CentOS 7:

  1. Either configure SElinux…
    # sestatus 
    SELinux status:                 enabled
    # setsebool -P named_write_master_zones 1

    …or disable it completely: 

    # sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' /etc/sysconfig/selinux
    # sed -i 's/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g' 
  2. Update packages and reboot the OS:
    # yum update -y; reboot
  3. Install and configure the BIND service:
    • Install it:
      yum install -y bind bind-utils
    • Allow new zones with rndc:
      sed -i 's/options {/options {\n allow-new-zones yes;/;' /etc/named.conf
    • Turn off DNS recursion: 
      # sed -i 's/recursion\ yes;/recursion\ no;/g' /etc/named.conf
    • Specify which IP addresses are allowed to query the server. We disabled this option entirely: 
      # cat /etc/named.conf | grep allow-query
      //allow-query     { localhost; };
    • Add the network interfaces the named daemon will listen on. In this example, all IP addresses are added: 
      # sed -i 's/;/any;/g' /etc/named.conf
      # systemctl restart named
    • Insert the group write privilege to /var/named, /var/named/chroot/var/named:
      # chmod g+w /var/named/ /var/named/chroot/var/named/
  4. We recommend you enable firewalld or iptables on the server. And make sure that ports 53 (DNS) and 953 (rndc) are accessible from the outside: 
    # systemctl start firewalld
    # firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=53/tcp
    # firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=53/udp
    # firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-port=953/tcp
    # firewall-cmd --reload

Slave DNS Manager on Plesk Multi Server

Installation and Configuration

  1. Go to the Extension Catalog and install the Slave DNS Manager extension. You can learn more about how this extension works in our article here.

    Slave DNS Manager at Plesk

    Install Slave DNS manager
  2. Use Tasks to make sure that the extension has been properly installed on all service nodes.
  3. Add the configured DNS server as a slave DNS to one of the service nodes.Slave DNS Manager extension
    Plesk - node selection
  4. Enter the IP address of the Slave DNS server and remember the secret key. It will be used by the rndc utility to transfer DNS zones from the master to the slave.
  5. After saving the configuration, check the status of the connected server.  You’ll probably see the following error – but don’t panic! 

    usr/sbin/rndc -b -s -p 953 -y rndc-key -c /usr/local/psa/var/modules/slave-dns-manager/slave_10.52.63.61.conf status rndc: connection to remote host closed This may indicate that * the remote server is using an older version of the command protocol, * this host is not authorized to connect, * the clocks are not synchronized, or * the key is invalid.

  6. To fix the issue, add the secret key you saved during step 4 to the named.conf configuration file on the Slave DNS server and restart the DNS server. 

    # cat /etc/named.conf | grep -A10 rndc key “rndc-key-master” { algorithm hmac-md5; secret “Y2QwZmIxZjRmN2U3NmU1YzY5MzhmOA==”; }; controls { inet * port 953 allow {;; } keys { “rndc-key-master”; }; };

  7. Click ‘Resync‘ to re-check the communication with the slave DNS server. You should see a green check mark telling you that the settings are correct.slave-dns-9-allgood
  8. Add the required number of Slave DNS servers by repeating steps 3-7.
  9. Configure the Slave DNS servers for all Plesk Multi Server service nodes.
  10. Don’t forget to add the IP addresses of the service nodes to the controls{…} section of the named.conf configuration file on each Slave DNS server.

You can learn how to install and configure the Slave DNS Manager extension on standalone Plesk servers in our documentation.

How to check if you configured Slave DNS correctly

  1. To check if your Slave DNS is good to go, you should first create a new subscription in Plesk Multi Server. In this example it’s the “testing.tld” domain name.Slave DNS check - adding your own subscription
  2. Look at the Slave DNS server:
    • You will see the following messages in /var/log/messages: 
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: received control channel command 'addzone testing.tld IN  { type slave; file "testing.tld"; masters {; }; };'
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: zone testing.tld added to view _default via addzone
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: zone testing.tld/IN: Transfer started.
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: transfer of 'testing.tld/IN' from connected using
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: zone testing.tld/IN: transferred serial 2017081903
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: transfer of 'testing.tld/IN' from Transfer completed: 1 messages, 20 records, 575 bytes, 0.002 secs (287500 bytes/sec)
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: zone testing.tld/IN: sending notifies (serial 2017081903)
      Aug 19 17:34:10 a10-52-63-61 named[21982]: received control channel command 'refresh testing.tld IN '
    • In the mapping file: 
      # cat /var/named/3bf305731dd26307.nzf | grep testing.tld
      zone "testing.tld" { type slave; file "testing.tld"; masters {; }; };
    • And in the domain DNS zone file: 
      # ll /var/named/ | grep testing.tld
      -rw-r--r-- 1 named named 1031 Aug 19 17:34 testing.tld
  3. Finally, request the DNS zone of a particular domain from an external server: 
    # dig testing.tld @
    testing.tld.		86400	IN	A

Add Slave DNS with existing subscriptions and domains

You can also configure Slave DNS Manager for an existing Plesk Multi Server infrastructure. It’s the same as with a clean installation. So let’s configure Centralized DNS for Plesk Multi Server with two service nodes and 500 subscriptions.

Plesk Multi Server

Perform steps 1 through 7, as for a clean installation. After the configuration is complete, click the ‘Resync‘ button so that the DNS zones of all existing domains are transferred to the DNS slave servers.

Slave DNS Manager extension - Resync option

Check the /var/log/messages log to make sure that all DNS zones have been moved. You will see messages about the successful completion of the transfer, or one of the errors described in the Troubleshooting section. You can find all transferred DNS zones in the /var/named directory: 

[[email protected] ~]# cat /var/named/3bf305731dd26307.nzf | wc -l
[[email protected] ~]# ls -la /var/named/ | wc -l

Troubleshooting: Slave DNS on Plesk Multi Server

Here’s a list of issues you may encounter while configuring the Slave DNS server, and steps to resolve them.

  1. Error: rndc: connect failed: host unreachable
    Solution: Make sure that the server is up and running.
  2. Error: rndc: connection to remote host closed

    • See that SElinux has been either disabled or properly configured.
    • Make sure that the master rndc key was added to the named.conf file.
    • Confirm that the required ports are not blocked by the firewall: 
      #firewall-cmd --get-default-zone
      # firewall-cmd --list-port
      953/tcp 53/udp 53/tcp
    • Look at the Slave DNS server configuration section for steps showing how to fix all possible issues.
  3. Error: rndc: recv failed: connection reset
    Solution: Ensure that you specified that control instructions must be accepted from the IP address of the Plesk Multi Server service node. Make sure that you configured BIND to listen on all accessible network interfaces. Check the controls{…} section in /etc/named.conf file on the Slave DNS server.
  4. Error: In /var/log/messages: named[2296]: open: 3bf305731dd26307.nzf: file not found
    Solution: Correct all the permissions on the /var/named directory.
  5. Error: In /var/log/messages:
    named[2003]: invalid command from expired
    named[2449]: invalid command from clock skew
    chronyd[473]: Forward time jump detected!

    Solution: Sync the clocks between servers.

  6. Error: In /var/log/messages: named[2253]: client (testing2.tld): query ‘testing2.tld/A/IN’ denied
    Solution: Make sure that you haven’t allowed queries for localhost only. Check the allow-query{…} section in the /etc/named.conf file.

And your Slave DNS Manager is alive!

Now you know how to set up centralized Slave DNS on both a clean Plesk Multi Server installation and one that is already in production. Plus, you’ve got pointers for any potential pitfalls you may encounter. It’s time to put this knowledge into practice – Go ahead, give it a try! 

Finally, the Slave DNS Manager extension is an open project and you can always contribute by committing to our Github repositoryMay the force be with you!

Control your servers and businesses on the go with Plesk Mobile

Want to make changes to your customers’ accounts while sitting in a bubble bath listening to jazz playing in the background? Urgently need to reboot the server at 2 am, but you’re at the club with a margarita in hand? The CSS on your website is a bit off, but you’re chilling in Jamaica and only have your tablet on you?

In case you ever find yourself in such situations again, you no longer need to jump into your car and head back to the office. With our newly launched Plesk Mobile for iOS, your Plesk servers and hosting business will always be at your fingertips. 

Okay, how do I get started?

It couldn’t be easier:

  1. Install the application on your device
  2. Enter your Plesk server’s IP address or hostname and Plesk admin credentials to access it

For your convenience, we’ve added the ability for you to give your servers Plesk Mobile a human-understandable name, so you no longer need to remember “” or “somehostname.somewhere”, but just “WP box”. Plesk Mobile stores the data for all your servers and lets you switch between them in two clicks. Neat, huh?

Plesk Mobile App  Plesk Mobile App - Adding Account  Plesk Mobile App - Accounts

What’s next?

Let’s go back to the example with CSS styles editing.

Say you run a website and you need to make quick changes on the go. Here’s what you need to do: Run Plesk Mobile, open the file, edit the file using the built-in editor. Easy as pie!

Or if you need more control? You can access Plesk right from the app and configure your website using additional tools, such as Ruby or Node.js applications.

However, we strongly advise against editing the code directly on the production server. Consider yourself warned! It’s better to use the new “cloning & staging” feature of the Plesk WordPress Toolkit in order to test your changes in a test environment before rolling them out to production.

Plesk Mobile - Files Management Plesk Mobile App - Editing The File  Plesk Mobile - Websites and Domains

Finally, to improve security, configure two-factor authentication by installing an additional passcode which you will need to enter every time you open the application.

Server management without borders

Let’s go further. Now, imagine that you are the administrator of one or more Plesk servers. Your boss calls at two o’clock in the morning and says that the corporate website shows a 503 error (Service Temporarily Unavailable), but you are miles from home, or a computer. 

  1. Enter access information for the affected server. This gives you the ability to manage all websites it hosts via the Domains tab.
  2. However, to access the rest of the functionality, you need to install Plesk Mobile Center, a supplementary application that enables Plesk Mobile to communicate with Plesk servers via API. Just click Install, and the application will be installed on the server in a few seconds.
  3. Next, open the Services tab and restart the Apache Web Server.

The corporate website is available again. You’ve saved the day once again. Go back to sleep dreaming of a well-deserved raise.

Plesk Mobile - Multi-server environment  Plesk Mobile - Accounts  Plesk Mobile - Account Services

Finally, you can go back to that margarita

Wait a minute, but what was the reason behind that failure?

  • At the very least, you can check the resources of your server and try to look for errors in the logs.

Plesk Mobile - data transfer statistics and cpu load average  Plesk Mobile - Memory       Plesk Mobile - Error log

  • In addition, you can configure push notifications to always be aware of what is happening on your servers.

Plesk Mobile App on iPhone  Plesk Mobile - Events  Plesk Mobile - Event Notification

But there’s more! 

Okay, now for the ultimate nightmare scenario: you are the owner of a hosting business and enraged customers are rioting on your porch. They are demanding access to new features and improved security of their hosting, but the bubble bath you’re taking is just too cozy. How do you fix the situation? Easy! 

Run Plesk Mobile, head to the Extension Catalog, select any extension you want, and install it on the server.

That’s all! The feature is already available to customers, and the bath hasn’t gone cold yet.

For example, you can protect websites via integration with ServerShield by CloudFlare, issue free SSL certificates with Let’s Encrypt, use WordPress and do a whole bunch of other cool stuff.

Plesk Mobile - Extensions Management    Installing ServerShield  Plesk Mobile - Extensions

And that’s all?

Of course not!

Now, all these delights are available on the iPad as well!

Plesk Mobile - Files management   

Summing up:

  • Bubble baths are comfy.
  • Margaritas are delicious.
  • Jamaica is chill.
  • Plesk Mobile saves nerves, improves your quality of life, and enables you to manage your Plesk servers from anywhere, anytime.

Best of all, it’s free! Give it a spin and let us know what you think!